Tales of the Punjab: Folklore of India UNDER CONSTRUCTION | Annotated Tale

Close Alliance, The: A Tale of Woe

ONE day a farmer went with his bullocks to plough his field.  He had just turned the first furrow, when a tiger walked up to him and said, 'Peace be with you, friend!  How are you this fine morning?'

                'The same to you, my lord, and I am pretty well, thank you!' returned the farmer, quaking with fear, but thinking it wisest to be polite.

                'I am glad to hear it,' replied the tiger cheerfully, 'because Providence has sent me to eat your two bullocks.  You are a God-fearing man, I know, so make haste and unyoke them.'

                'My friend, are you sure you are not making a mistake?' asked the farmer, whose courage had returned now that he knew it was merely a question of gobbling up bullocks; 'because Providence sent me to plough this field, and, in order to plough, one must have oxen.  Had you not better go and make further inquiries?'

                'There is no occasion for delay, and I should be sorry to keep you waiting,' returned the tiger.  'If you'll unyoke the bullocks I'll be ready in a moment.'  With that the savage creature fell to sharpening his teeth and claws in a very significant manner.

                But the farmer begged and prayed that his oxen might not be eaten, and promised that if the tiger would spare them, he would give in exchange a fine fat young milch cow, which his wife had tied up in the yard at home.

                To this the tiger agreed, and, taking the oxen with him, the farmer went sadly homewards.  Seeing him return so early from the fields, his wife, who was a stirring, busy woman, called out, 'What! lazybones!--back already, and _my_ work just beginning!'

                Then the farmer explained how he had met the tiger, and how to save the bullocks he had promised the milch cow in exchange.  At this the wife began to cry, saying, 'A likely story, indeed!--saving your stupid old bullocks at the expense of my beautiful cow!  Where will the children get milk? and how can I cook my pottage and collops without butter?'

                'All very fine, wife,' retorted the farmer, 'but how can we make bread without corn? and how can you have corn without bullocks to plough the fields?  Pottage and collops are very nice, but it is better to do without milk and butter than without bread, so make haste and untie the cow.'

                'You great gaby!' wept the wife, 'if you had an ounce of sense in your brain you'd think of some plan to get out of the scrape!'

                'Think yourself!' cried the husband, in a rage.

                'Very well!' returned the wife; 'but if I do the thinking you must obey orders; I can't do both.  Go back to the tiger, and tell him the cow wouldn't come along with you, but that your wife is bringing it'

                The farmer, who was a great coward, didn't half like the idea of going back empty-handed to the tiger, but as he could think of no other plan he did as he was bid, and found the beast still sharpening his teeth and claws for very hunger; and when he heard he had to wait still longer for his dinner, he began to prowl about, and lash his tail, and curl his whiskers, in a most terrible manner, causing the poor farmer's knees to knock together with terror.

                Now, when the farmer had left the house, his wife went to the stable and saddled the pony; then she put on her husband's best clothes, tied the turban very high, so as to make her look as tall as possible, bestrode the pony, and set off to the field where the tiger was.

                She rode along, swaggering and blustering, till she came to where the lane turned into the field, and then she called out, as bold as brass, 'Now, please the powers!  I may find a tiger in this place; for I haven't tasted tiger's meat since yesterday, when, as luck would have it, I ate three for breakfast.'

                Hearing these words, and seeing the speaker ride boldly at him, the tiger became so alarmed that he turned tail, and bolted into the forest, going away at such a headlong pace that he nearly overturned his own jackal; for tigers always have a jackal of their own, who, as it were, waits at table and clears away the bones.

                'My lord! my lord!' cried the jackal, 'whither away so fast?'

                'Run! run!' panted the tiger; 'there's the very devil of a horseman in yonder fields, who thinks nothing of eating three tigers for breakfast!'

                At this the jackal sniggered in his sleeve.  'My dear lord,' said he, 'the sun has dazzled your eyes!  That was no horseman, but only the farmer's wife dressed up as a man!'

                'Are you quite sure?' asked the tiger, pausing.

                'Quite sure, my lord,' repeated the jackal; 'and if your lordship's eyes had not been dazzled by--ahem!--the sun, your lordship would have seen her pigtail hanging down behind.'

                'But you may be mistaken!' persisted the cowardly tiger; 'it was the very devil of a horseman to look at!'

                'Who's afraid?' replied the brave jackal.  'Come! don't give up your dinner because of a woman!'

                'But you may be bribed to betray me!' argued the tiger, who, like all cowards, was suspicious.

                'Let us go together, then!' returned the gallant jackal.

                'Nay! but you may take me there and then run away!' insisted the tiger cunningly.

                'In that case, let us tie our tails together, and then I can't!'  The jackal, you see, was determined not to be done out of his bones.

                To this the tiger agreed, and having tied their tails together in a reef-knot, the pair set off arm-in-arm.

                Now the farmer and his wife had remained in the field, laughing over the trick she had played on the tiger, when, lo and behold! what should they see but the gallant pair coming back ever so bravely, with their tails tied together.

                'Run!' cried the farmer; 'we are lost! we are lost!'

                'Nothing of the kind, you great gaby!' answered his wife coolly, 'if you will only stop that noise and be quiet.  I can't hear myself speak!'

                Then she waited till the pair were within hail, when she called out politely, 'How very kind of you, dear Mr. Jackal, to bring me such a nice fat tiger!  I shan't be a moment finishing my share of him, and then you can have the bones.'

                At these words the tiger became wild with fright, and, quite forgetting the jackal, and that reef-knot in their tails, he bolted away full tilt, dragging the jackal behind him.  Bumpety, bump, bump, over the stones!--crash, scratch, patch, through the briars!

                In vain the poor jackal howled and shrieked to the tiger to stop,--the noise behind him only frightened the coward more; and away he went, helter-skelter, hurry-scurry, over hill and dale, till he was _nearly_ dead with fatigue, and the jackal was _quite_ dead from bumps and bruises.

                _Moral_--Don't tie your tail to a coward's.



_Providence_--_Khudâ_ and _Allah_ were the words for Providence or God in this tale, it being a Muhammadan one.

_Kabâbs_--Small pieces of meat roasted or fried on skewers with onions and eggs:  a favourite Muhammadan dish throughout the East.

_His own jackal_--From time immemorial the tiger has been supposed to be accompanied by a jackal who shows him his game and gets the leavings as his wages.  Hence the Sanskrit title of _vyâghra-nâyaka_ or tiger-leader for the jackal.


_Pigtail_--The Kashmîrî woman's hair is drawn to the back of the head and finely braided.  The braids are then gathered together and, being mixed with coarse woollen thread, are worked into a very long plait terminated by a thick tassel, which reaches almost down to the ankles.  It is highly suggestive of the Chinese pigtail, but it is far more graceful.


Number in collection, 15. Reference to pages, 123 to 128. Specific name, The Close Alliance. Dramatis personæ: farmer, tiger, farmer's wife, jackal. Thread of story, a farmer is ploughing with bullocks, tiger proposes to eat the bullocks, but agrees to take the farmer's wife's milch cow instead, she refuses to give her up, and frightens tiger by a trick, 1 and so saves the cow; tiger meets his jackal, 2 who persuades the tiger to return, as it was only a woman that frightened him, tiger won't go until they tie their tails together; farmer's wife again frightens tiger, 3 who runs off with the jackal tied to his tail, jackal is bumped to death in the flight. 4 Incidental circumstances: (1) she dresses herself up as a horseman and shouts out that she is glad the tiger is there, as she has not had any food for three days, when she had eaten three tigers; tiger is frightened and runs off; (2) who used to find him prey and took the leavings as his wages; jackal is determined not to be done out of his bones by tiger's cowardice, and so eggs him on to return; (3) she calls out to the jackal that it was kind of him to bring such a fat tiger for dinner; (4) there is a moral attached to the story, ' Don't trust cowards.' Where published, Indian Antiquary, vol. xi. p 319 ff. Nature of collection: (1) Original or translation, original, collected by F. A. Steel: (2) Narrator's name, Habîb, a Musalmân cooly in Kashmîr; (3) Other particulars, a common village tale in Kashmîr.

Bibliographic Information

Tale Title: Close Alliance, The: A Tale of Woe
Tale Author/Editor: Steel, Flora Annie Webster
Book Title: Tales of the Punjab: Folklore of India UNDER CONSTRUCTION
Book Author/Editor: Steel, Flora Annie Webster
Publisher: Macmillan and Co.
Publication City: London
Year of Publication: 1917
Country of Origin: India

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